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La Marca, What is Prosecco?

What is Prosecco?

In 2009 the Prosecco di Conegliano Valdobbiadene region was promoted to DOCG status and the Italian authorities decided that Prosecco should only be used as a geographical indication.

Prosecco may only be produced in the Prosecco DOC region and two Prosecco DOCG areas (Conegliano Valdobbiadene and Asolo).

Anything else made from the same variety must be referred to as Glera.

The territory of the province of Treviso, furrowed by the river Piave and here and there by other watercourses which make it attractive and fruitful, rises from the plain not far from the sea towards the Alpine foothills, in a succession of varied and picturesque landscapes.

Treviso is a farming land, naturally selected for vine cultivation and wine production. Thanks to its long-lasting winemaking tradition, the Province of Treviso boasts one the most ancient Italian wine routes, the so-called “White Wine Route”, now redesigned into the “Prosecco and Conegliano & Valdobbiadene Hills Wine Road”.

Glera is the European Union approved name for the green-skinned Prosecco grape of north-eastern Italy.

The grape’s origins are debated between Friuli and Veneto, but it seems plausible that the variety is named after the town of Prosecco, near Trieste on the Italian – Slovenian border.

Italian wine produced from Glera is usually either slightly fizzy or sparkling (in Italian, frizzante and spumante respectively).

In the vineyard, Glera is a highly productive grape that ripens late in the season. It has a high acidity and a fairly neutral palate, making it an ideal candidate for sparkling wine production. White peaches, apple and honeysuckle characterize Glera’s aromatic profile, with an occasional soapy note betraying its creamy texture.

Because of these characteristics, Prosecco is made through the Charmat method, as the classic method would mean aging the wine for several years before release, robbing the wine of its freshness.

The unique soils and microclimates of the hills in Veneto are perfect for cultivating the Glera grape.

Prosecco is almost a world-famous wine by now. Still, its spelling is often incorrect, as it is quite common to find terms like "proseco", "prosseco", "procecco" and even "presecco" or "processco".
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